The Five Pillars of Islam are compulsory acts in Islam that are considered to be the foundation of every Muslim life. These acts are seen as being very important to all those who practice Islam, which is the reason why we think it is essential that they are understood correctly.
Shahadah is very significant, as it is the declaration of belief and trust that there is only one God Allah Almighty, It is also the declaration that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the messenger of ALLAH Almighty.
This is done by saying a set statement in Arabic language, which translates as
I bear witness that none is worthy of worship but
ALLAH Almighty, the One alone, without partner and I bear witness that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is His Messenger.
It is necessary that each Muslim utter this statement in order to establish their Islamic belief, and it is also vital for those people who wish to convert to Islam.
Salat or Prayer
Salat or Namaz is the Islamic prayer, which consists of five times daily prayers. These may be performed everywhere in neat and clean clothing and place, whether you are at home or at job, but to perform Namaz mosque is the preferred place. There are a series of positions that should be followed whilst reciting the Namaz, which include bowing, standing and prostrating.
The names of each of the Namaz are assigned due to the time of day when they are performed. These are:
- Fajr – This means dawn, and is carried out before the sunrise.
- Zuhr – Noon, and is carried out at midday after Zawaal.
- Asr – This stands for afternoon, and must be carried out in late afternoon before the sunset.
- Maghrib – Evening prayer, which is performed after the sun has set.
- Esha – This is the last prayer of the day and means ‘night’.
All of these must be carried out whilst facing the Holy Kaaba in Makkah, and only after the Muslim has purified. This act is called Wuzu, and should be carried out before every Namaz.
Sawm or Fasting
It is ritual fasting that is done in the Holy month of Ramadan by all Muslims. Ritual fasting (Roza) is obligatory to all Muslims who have reached puberty during the Holy Ramadan (except the pregnant, elderly, or those who have a health issues). This is where they refrain from food and drink from dawn until sunset, meaning that they are only capable to eat in the hours before dawn.
Numerous reasons are given for why it is significant for Muslims to fast (Roza), which include:
- Seeking nearness to ALLAH Almighty
- Looking for forgiveness from ALLAH Almighty
- Expressing their thanks
- Atoning for any past committed sins
Anyone who has to miss fasting due to extenuating situation should make up for it soon afterwards.
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